Environmental Design Criteria through Geoindicators for two Mediterranean Coastlands

Renata Valente, Leonidas Stamatopoulos, Carlo Donadio


This paper shows interdisciplinary studies that were carried out along the coasts of the Campania region (southern Italy) and the Peloponnese (Greece). The objective of this research is the definition of environmental design criteria along the Mediterranean coasts, using scientific methods in order to define critical points and appropriate instruments. Initially, physical-geographic and geomorphological coastal systems as beaches, cliffs and technocoasts were defined. Here the concept of geoindicator was introduced recognizing and interpreting tectonic, lithostratigraphic and geomorphologic elements. The geoarcheological structures are used also as useful parameters for the reconstruction of the evolving landscape. Once the methodology used to define the hazard of stretches of the coast was defined, parameters were put in relation with the eco-sustainable recovery techniques of the landscape. To abate erosion and hydro-geological instability along the urbanized seafront, geoindicators can be useful in the designing of transitional environments in relation to the return of the phenomena at different times. The results indicate how the adaptive approach and the non-imposing solutions contribute to reduce the anthropogenic impacts and environmental hazards in regions where there are high degrees of hazard, improving security, stability of the coasts and quality of the projects.


adaptive, coastal geomorphology, hazard, Campania, Italy, Peloponnese, Greece

Read the full text

Download PDF


Aiello G., Barra D., De Pippo T., Donadio C., Petrosino C., 2007. Morphological evolution of volcanic islands near Naples, southern Italy. Zeit. Geomorph. N. F., 51(2): 165-190.

Beck T., 2013. Principles of Ecological Landscape Design. Island Press, Washington, DC. pp.280

Berger A.R., 1997. Assessing rapid environmental change using geoindicators. Env. Geol., 321: 36-44.

Berger A.R., Iams W.J., 1996. (Eds.) Geoindicators: assessing rapid environmental change in earth systems. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Netherlands. pp.466.

Blakemore F., Williams A., 2008. British tourists’ valuation of a Turkish beach using contingent valuation and travel cost methods. J. of Coastal Res., 24(6): 1469-1480.

Bush D.M., Neal W.J., Young R.S., Pilkey O.H., 1999. Utilization of geoindicators for rapid assessment of coastal-hazard risk and mitigation. Ocean and Coastal Management, 42: 647-670.

De Pippo T., Donadio C. Pennetta M., Terlizzi F., Valente A., 2009. Application of a method to assess coastal hazard: the cliffs of Sorrento Peninsula and Capri (southern Italy). In: Violante C. Ed., Geohazards in rocky coastal areas, Geological Society of London, Spec. Publ., 322: 189-204.

De Pippo T., Donadio C., Pennetta M., Petrosino C., Terlizzi F., Valente A., 2008. Coastal hazard assessment and mapping in Northern Campania, Italy. Geomorphology, 97: 451-466.

De Pippo T., Donadio C., Pennetta M., Terlizzi F., Vecchione C., Vegliante M., 2002. Seabed morphology and pollution along the Bagnoli coast (Naples, Italy): a hypothesis of environmental restoration. Marine Ecology, 23: 154-168

Dern J.Q., 1992. Mar Tierra Paisaje de frontera, Quaderns d’Arquitectura y Urbanisme. Actar Ed., Barcelona, Spain, 196: 32-41.

Donadio C., Pennetta M., Valente R., 2014. Geoindicatori della morfodinamica costiera della Campania a criteri di progettazione ambientale. Studi costieri, 22, pp.16 (in press).

Donadio C., Stamatopoulos L., 2014. Genesis and evolution of some lagoons in Greece and Italy: preliminary data for a key to geomorphological model interpretation. Proc. of Regional Symposium on Water, Wastewater and Environment: Traditions and Culture (Kalavrouziotis I.K. & Angelakis A.N. eds.), 22-24 March 2014, IWA, Hellenic Open University, Patras (Greece), 283-296.

Donadio C., Valente R., 1995. Coast renaturalization at west periphery of Naples: morphologic features and landscape design. Proc. II Int. Conf. Medit. Coastal Env., MEDCOAST 95, 24-27 october 1995, Özhan E. Ed., 1: 423-437.

Elliott D.E., 1996. A conceptual framework for geoenvironmental indicators. In: Berger A.R., Iams W.J. Eds., Geoindicators: assessing rapid environmental change in earth systems, A.A. Balkema Ed., Rotterdam, Netherlands. pp. 337-350.

Hammond A., Adriaanse A., Rodenburg E., Bryant D., Woodward R., 1995. Environmental indicators: a systematic approach to measuring and reporting on environmental policy performance in the context of sustainable development. Washington, D.C., World Resources Institute. pp. 43.

Johnson B. R., Hill K., 2002. (edited by) Ecology and Design. Frameworks for Learning. Island Press, Washington, DC. pp. 501

Limber P.W., Patsch K.B., Griggs G.B., 2008. Coastal sediment budgets and the littoral cutoff diameter: a grain size threshold for quantifying active sediment inputs. J. of Coastal Res., 22(2B): 122-133.

Mazzarella A., 2007. The 60-year solar modulation of global air temperature: the Earth’s rotation and atmospheric circulation connection. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 88, 193-199.

McHarg I. L., 1969. Design with Nature. Garden City, New York, American Museum of Natural History, by the Natural History Press. pp. 197.

Monti L., Donadio C., Putignano M.L., Toccaceli R.M., 2003. (a cura di) Geologia subacquea delle aree marine costiere. Linee guida al rilevamento geologico subacqueo, scala 1:10.000. Progetto CARG Regione Campania. Regione Campania, Lab. Graf. Legatoria Duminuco Ed., Sapri (SA). pp. 93.

Ortolani F., Pagliuca S., 1994. Variazioni climatiche e crisi dell’ambiente antropizzato. Il Quaternario, 7(1): 351-356.

Pennetta M., Corbelli V., Esposito P., Gattullo V., Nappi R., 2011. Environmental impact of coastal dunes in the area located to the left of the Garigliano river mouth (Campany, Italy). J. Coastal Res., SI, 61: 421-427.

Pennetta M., Lo Russo E., 2011. Hazard factors in high rocky coasts of Capri island (Gulf of Naples, Italy). J. Coastal Res., SI, 61: 428-434.

Stamatopoulos L., Aiello G., Barra D., De Pippo T., Donadio C., Valente A., 2014. Morphological and palaeoenvironmental evolution of the Lagoon of Papas, southwestern Greece, during the Holocene. Ital. J. Geosci., 133(2), 282-293.

Valente R., 1999. Frontiere tra Mare e Terra. La progettazione ambientale lungo la linea di costa. Liguori Ed., Napoli. pp. 208.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12896/cse20140020023


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

CSE Journal - City Safety Energy is a semiannual journal (Two ISSUES per Year) published by Le Penseur in Brienza (PZ) - Italy | ISSN print edition 2283-8767 | ISSN online edition 2284-3418 - Journal registerd at the Court of Potenza (Italy) n. 219/2014