Bioclimatic simulation, environmental based urban design and architectural redevelopment in Mediterranean Area
The study presents a synthesis of the research "Bioclimatic simulation, environmental based urban design and architectural redevelopment in the Mediterranean Area", in which, among others, it was addressed the case study of the Tor Fiscale district in Rome, which deals with the theme of the self-reliant city, of the heat island effect mitigation, and of the energy and environmental efficiency of buildings from the point of view of passive energy efficiency and smart grid. The research is done through the study of climate, urban and local microclimate factors, that, in addition to the traditional analysis of a typical urban fabric characterized by strong historical, archaeological and environmental features allows to reach those specific goals. The microclimate area simulation is used as a decision support tool for the deepening of the critical-knowledge on the area and the proper formulation of objectives and strategies through a process characterized by a flexible and adaptive approach with the aid of retroactive feedback. The study sets out the specific biophysical and bioclimatic features to consider when developing objectives and strategies of intervention in a portion of urban tissue. The case study of Tor Fiscale is analysed in its peculiar characteristics of an area substantially closer to the center of Rome that is characterized by a strong presence of archeological and natural values, together with a context of strong environmental degradation and unauthorized buildings. The paper concludes with some design experiments directly related to the analysis, the simulations and the assessments developed within the framework of the research.
Read the full textDownload PDF
Akbari, H, M Pomerantz, and H Taha. 2001. “Cool Surfaces and Shade Trees to Reduce Energy Use and Improve Air Quality in Urban Areas.” Solar Energy 70 (3). Urban Environment: 295–310. doi:10.1016/S0038-092X(00)00089-X.
Ardente, Fulvio, Marco Beccali, Maurizio Cellura, and Marina Mistretta. 2011. “Energy and Environmental Benefits in Public Buildings as a Result of Retrofit Actions.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15 (1): 460–70. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.09.022.
Brown, Lester R. 2001. Eco-Economy. 1st edition. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Bruse, Michael. 2010. Envi-Met (version 3.1). University of Mainz.
De la Flor, Francisco Sánchez, and Servando Alvarez Domı́nguez. 2004. “Modelling Microclimate in Urban Environments and Assessing Its Influence on the Performance of Surrounding Buildings.” Energy and Buildings 36 (5). EPIC-3rd European Conference on Energy Performance and Indoor Climate in Buildings: 403–13. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2004.01.050.
De Wilde, P. J., G. Augenbroe, and A. Malkawi. 2014. “A Workbench for Structured Design Analysis Dialogues.” Accessed January 13. http://www.academia.edu/175363/A_Workbench_for_Structured_Design_Analysis_Dialogues.
European Commission. 2010. “POLIS, Solar Urban Planning - Manual of Best Practices, Intelligent Energy Performance.”
Gartland, Lisa. 2008. Heat Islands: Understanding and Mitigating Heat in Urban Areas. Earthscan.
Grewal, Parbir S., and Parwinder S. Grewal. 2013. “Can Cities Become Self-Reliant in Energy? A Technological Scenario Analysis for Cleveland, Ohio.” Cities 31 (April): 404–11. doi:10.1016/j.cities.2012.05.015.
Grimm, Nancy B., Stanley H. Faeth, Nancy E. Golubiewski, Charles L. Redman, Jianguo Wu, Xuemei Bai, and John M. Briggs. 2008. “Global Change and the Ecology of Cities.” Science 319 (5864): 756–60. doi:10.1126/science.1150195.
Hensen, J.L.M. 2004. “Towards More Effective Use of Building Performance Simulation in Design.” In Leeuwen, J.P. van & Timmermans, H.J.P. (Eds.). Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, 2-5 July. Eindhoven: Eindhoven University of Technology.
Lechner, Norbert. 2009. Heating, Cooling, Lighting: Sustainable Design Methods for Architects. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons.
Morbitzer, C. 2003. “Towards the Integration of Simulation in the Building Design Process”. Strathclyde: PHD thesis, Energy System Research Unit, University of Strathcylde.
Reiser, Claudius, Ruth David, Markus Faigl, and Oliver Baumann. 2008. “Accounting for Primay Energy New Code Requires Dynamic Simulation.” Proceedings of Building Simulation 2008: 3rd Conference of International Building Performance Simulation Association, Berkley, California, July 30, August 1.
RUROS. 2004. Progettare Gli Spazi Aperti Nell’ambiente Urbano: Un Approccio Bioclimatico. C.R.E.S.
Shuman, Michael. 2000. Going Local: Creating Self-Reliant Communities in a Global Age. 1 edition. New York: Routledge.
Tucci, Fabrizio (2007). Progettazione architettonica, la sfida del risparmio energetico. In Il Sole 24 Ore - Edilizia e Territorio - Commenti e Norme, n. 10, 12-17 marzo 2007.
Tucci, Fabrizio (2010). Technologies for natural cooling in the experimentation of eco efficient housing in the Mediterranean. In: Santamouris M. (Ed.), Cooling the cities: the absolute Priority. Passive & low Energy Cooling for the Built Environment. Conference proceedings. 3rd International Conference Palenc. 29 sept.-1 oct. 2010 Greece. Heliotrop Edition, Grecia.
Tucci, Fabrizio (2011). Efficienza ecologica ed energetica in Architettura. / Environmental and Energy Efficiency in Architecture. Firenze: Alinea Editrice.
Tucci, Fabrizio (2012). Atlante dei Sistemi tecnologici per l’Architettura bioclimatica. Ventilazione naturale negli Edifici / Atlas of technological Systems for bioclimatic Architecture. Natural Building Ventilation. Firenze: Alinea Editrice.
UN. 2012. “United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division: World Urbanization Prospects, the 2011 Revision.” New York.
Walsh, Christopher J., Allison H. Roy, Jack W. Feminella, Peter D. Cottingham, Peter M. Groffman, and Raymond P. Morgan. 2005. “The Urban Stream Syndrome: Current Knowledge and the Search for a Cure.” Journal of the North American Benthological Society 24 (3): 706. doi:10.1899/0887-3593(2005)024[0706:TUSSCK]2.0.CO;2.
Willuweit, Lars, and John J. O’Sullivan. 2013. “A Decision Support Tool for Sustainable Planning of Urban Water Systems: Presenting the Dynamic Urban Water Simulation Model.” Water Research 47 (20). Urban Water Management to Increase Sustainability of Cities: 7206–20. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2013.09.060.
Yang, Xiaoshan, Lihua Zhao, Michael Bruse, and Qinglin Meng. 2012. “An Integrated Simulation Method for Building Energy Performance Assessment in Urban Environments.” Energy and Buildings 54 (November): 243–51. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.07.042.
Research: Environmental and bioclimatic simulation based urban redevelopment of Tor Fiscale district in Rome, 2014. Chief researcher Tucci, F., PDTA Departement University of Rome La Sapienza, assistant Calcerano, F., Cecafosso, V., Cecchini, C., Cimillo, M., Fiorentino, M., Gaudioso, Iacomini, F., Porretta, L., Romano, F.
Graphic contribution of Di Cosimo, F., and Conti, R., in research: " Environmental and bioclimatic simulation based urban redevelopment of Tor Fiscale district in Rome, 2014"
Graphic contribution of Giannetti, E., Di Curzio, M., Attardi, G., in research: " Environmental and bioclimatic simulation based urban redevelopment of Tor Fiscale district in Rome, 2014"
Graphic contribution of Danielli, F., Iacomini, G., in research: " Environmental and bioclimatic simulation based urban redevelopment of Tor Fiscale district in Rome, 2014"
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
CSE Journal - City Safety Energy is a semiannual journal (Two ISSUES per Year) published by Le Penseur in Brienza (PZ) - Italy | ISSN print edition 2283-8767 | ISSN online edition 2284-3418 - Journal registerd at the Court of Potenza (Italy) n. 219/2014